COI News

Important news from EASO and the world of COI

Our approach to COI news

The News section aims to inform users about recent COI publications or upcoming workshops/conferences. EASO selects information provided in the News section according to its relevance to the COI and asylum fields. EASO welcomes suggestions to insert a particular news (event, publication).

06 December 2018

EASO publishes a COI report: Iraq – Actors of Protection

The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) published a Country of Origin Information (COI) Report titled Iraq – Actors of Protection. The report provides information relevant for the international protection status determination for Iraqi asylum seekers. It is one of a series of four Iraq reports that will be released in 2018. Other forthcoming reports will cover the socio-economic situation, internal mobility, and targeted profiles. A security situation report will be published in early 2019.

In 2017, Iraq ranked second among the most common countries of origin with more than 52,500 persons applying for international protection in the EU+ countries. In 2018, fewer asylum applications were lodged by Iraqi nationals in EU+ countries. Despite this decrease, Iraq was the third most common country of origin of applicants in the EU+ with close to 35,000 applicants recorded between January and October 2018. At the end of October 2018, around 26,000 cases awaited a first-instance decision.

The primary focus of the report is on the state's functioning in guaranteeing the protection of its citizens in the context of civilian security and justice. The central institutions that fulfil critical functions such as the Ministries of Interior and Defence, as well as the judiciary, and oversight bodies are examined in terms of capacity, mandate, effectiveness and integrity.

The EASO COI report Iraq – Actors of Protection was co-drafted by the EASO COI Sector with research contributions by the Romanian Ministry of Internal Affairs, in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology. The report was reviewed by the Estonian Police and Border Guard Board and the Slovakia Migration Office's Department of Documentation and Foreign Cooperation. In addition, the report was reviewed by the external expert, Dr. Geraldine Chatelard, social anthropologist and historian of the contemporary Middle East.

The report can be downloaded at https://coi.easo.europa.eu/administration/easo/PLib/Iraq_Actors_of_Protection_2018.pdf

26 November 2018

EASO publishes four COI reports on Nigeria

The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) published four Country of Origin Information (COI) Reports on Nigeria: Security Situation, Actors of Protection, Targeting Individuals, and Key Socio-economic indicators. The reports provide information relevant for the protection status determination of Nigerian asylum seekers.

In 2017, Nigeria was the fourth most common country of origin in the EU+ countries with a total number of close to 42,000 applicants. In 2018, following a substantial decrease in the number of irregular arrivals in the central Mediterranean, far fewer asylum applications were lodged by Nigerian nationals in EU+ countries. Despite this decrease, Nigeria remained in the top-five among all countries of origin of applicants in the EU+ with about 21,500 applicants recorded between January and October 2018. At the end of October 2018, around 25,000 cases awaited a first-instance decision.

The EASO COI report Nigeria Security Situation, following a brief and general introduction to Nigeria provides a general description of the security situation in Nigeria. The first chapter gives an overview of the recent conflicts in the country; actors in the conflict; recent security trends and armed confrontations; the impact of the violence on the civilian population and IDPs; and the impact of the violence on the state ability to secure law and order. 

The main conflicts in Nigeria are elaborated upon in more detail in the second chapter. A general description at the level of the geopolitical zone contains information on the geography and population, and on the background of the conflict, including the actors active in the conflict. This is followed by a description of recent trends in the security situation, with regard to the nature of the violence, frequency, tactics and targets, locations and number of fatalities. Also the impact of the violence on the state’s ability to secure law and order, and the impact on the population are discussed. 

The report includes specific information on violent incidents and civilian casualties in the North East where Boko Haram is active. An increase is noted in the number of violent incidents in the North Central Zone and Kaduna State, where conflicts between herders and farmers are intensifying. By comparison, the Niger Delta saw a much lower number of fatalities than the two previous zones. Striking is the relatively low number of incidents but resulting in a high number of fatalities in Zamfara State, where cattle rustling and mass attacks on villages have soared since the beginning of 2018. 

The EASO COI report Nigeria Security Situation was drafted by the Office for Country Information and Language Analysis (OCILA) of the Dutch Immigration and Naturalization Service, in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology. It was reviewed by an expert from the International and European Affairs Unit, Department for Asylum and Migration Policy, Czech Republic. The external expert Nnamdi Obasi, Senior Advisor on Nigeria, International Crisis Group also reviewed this report, in order to ensure the highest quality. 

The EASO COI report Nigeria Actors of Protection provides information on the Constitution and the state’s legal structure, the police and armed forces, the public prosecution institutions, the court system, the National Human Rights commission, the Public Complaints Commission – (the Ombudsman) and the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP).

The report highlights the complexity of the country’s pluralist legal system, consisting of common law, Islamic law, customary law at federal, state, and local levels. Problematic capacity and integrety issues with the police and the national army are noted, leading to human rights abuses and corruption, as well as the high number of complaints received by the National Human Rights Commission, reaching one million over 2017.

The EASO COI report Nigeria Actors of Protection was drafted by the International and European Affairs Unit, Department for Asylum and Migration Policy, Czech Republic, in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology. The report was reviewed by the Office for Country Information and Language Analysis (OCILA) of the Dutch Immigration and Naturalization Service. In addition, the report was reviewed by the external expert Stella Amadi Odiase, Lawyer and International Development Practitioner, and by the Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD).

The EASO COI report Nigeria Targeting Individuals is divided into two main sections, following a first brief and general introduction to Nigeria. The second chapter on actors discusses several non-state actors, such as Boko Haram, militant groups in the Niger Delta, student/university cults, traffickers, and state or state-affiliated actors. 

The third chapter discusses 15 profiles of persons subject to targeting by one or more actors, or by society in general. These profiles, which sometimes overlap, include: persons targeted by Boko Haram, by university cults, members of militant groups in the Niger Delta, persons involved in herders-farmers conflict, religious minorities, persons affected by witchcraft and ritual killings, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) persons, women and children, and others. 

The EASO COI report Nigeria Targeting Individuals was drafted by members of the Country of Origin Information (COI) sector in EASO, in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology. The report was peer reviewed by Office for Country Information and Language Analysis (OCILA) of the Dutch Immigration and Naturalisation Service, and by Lifos, the Centre for Country of Origin Information and Analysis of the Swedish Migration Agency. In addition, the report was reviewed by the external expert Dr Megan Turnbull, Assistant Professor of Comparative Politics at the University of Georgia in the Department of International Affairs.

The EASO COI report Nigeria Key Socio-economic indicators is divided into two main sections, after a first brief and general introduction to Nigeria in Chapter 1. Chapter 2 provides information on the following key socio-economic indicators: demographics, economic growth, employment, poverty, food security, housing and living conditions, education, health care, social networks and support mechanisms. 

A main emphasis, where information is available, is on the situation in Abuja and Lagos and on the socio-economic situation of women, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and returnees. The third chapter provides information on mobility and internal travel possibilities.

The EASO COI report Nigeria Key Socio-economic indicators was drafted by the Country of Origin Information (COI) sector in EASO, in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology. The report was peer reviewed by Lifos, the Centre for Country of Origin Information and Analysis of the Swedish Migration Agency. In addition, the report was reviewed by the Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD).

It is EASO’s intention to continue to produce such reports on important countries of origin and to update them on a regular basis in order to raise and harmonise COI standards in the EU and to further support the practical implementation of the Common European Asylum System.

The reports can be downloaded via:
EASO COI report Nigeria, Targeting of individuals, November 2018, https://coi.easo.europa.eu/administration/easo/PLib/2018_EASO_COI_Nigeria_TargetingIndividuals.pdf 
EASO, COI report Nigeria, Key-socio-economic indicators, November 2018, https://coi.easo.europa.eu/administration/easo/PLib/2018_EASO_COI_Nigeria_KeySocioEconomic.pdf 

22 November 2018

Cedoca: Mali - Security Situation

L’objectif de la présente recherche consiste à dresser un état des lieux de la situation sécuritaire au
Mali. Elle porte sur la période allant de janvier à septembre 2018.
Ce document constitue une mise à jour globale de plusieurs COI Focus distincts rédigés en 2017 et
2018 et qui concernaient, chaque fois, une seule région. Il s’agit du COI Focus Mali. Situation
sécuritaire au centre du pays du 3 août 2017, du COI Focus Mali. Situation sécuritaire au nord du pays
du 21 septembre 2017 complété par un COI Focus intitulé Mali. Situation sécuritaire au nord du pays.
Addendum – Evénements survenus entre septembre 2017 et mai 2018 du 7 juin 2018 et enfin du COI
Focus Mali. Situation sécuritaire au sud du pays du 12 mars 2018. Les recherches pour cette mise à
jour ont été clôturées le 15 octobre 2018.
L’analyse se compose de huit parties. La première constitue un bref rappel historique du contexte
général et des événements qui se sont déroulés au Mali à partir de 2012. La situation politique et
sécuritaire est abordée dans le deuxième chapitre. Les parties en présence - forces armées nationales
et internationales et groupes armés - sont passées en revue dans le troisième chapitre. Le chapitre
suivant constitue une description de la violence (typologie et cibles). La répartition géographique de
la violence, les déplacements de population consécutifs à celle-ci et les conséquences sur la vie
quotidienne font l’objet des trois dernières sections.

The report can be downloaded at https://coi.easo.europa.eu/administration/belgium/PLib/COI_Focus_Mali__Situation_s_curitaire.pdf


16 November 2018

Landinfo and Danish Immigration Service: Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI), Women and men in honour-related conflicts

Report based on interviews in Erbil and Sulaimania, KRI: prevalence of honour-related conflict; social reactions; consequences of extramarital relationships; possibility for protection by the authorities; possibility for protection from tribes and families; Men as victims in honour-related conflicts in KRI 

The report can be downloaded at https://coi.easo.europa.eu/administration/denmark/PLib/IRAQ_Report_on_honour_related_conflicts.pdf

08 November 2018

Lifos report: Palestinian in the Middle East - residence and documents

The aim of this report is to clarify the status and the documentation provided to Palestinians in the Middle East, as well as the procedures pertaining to issuance of these documents in the various countries hosting Palestinian residents. It is limited to the documents of Palestinians in these countries, and therefore the report does not intend to provide information about how documents are issued in general. The report does not cover every country in the Middle East but only countries hosting the majority of Palestinian residents over time. The countries that the report focuses on are, therefore: Palestine (West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem), Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Egypt, Iraq, Libya, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia. However, Palestinians also reside in other countries in the Middle East, such as in North Africa and in additional Gulf countries. 

The report can be downloaded at: https://coi.easo.europa.eu/administration/sweden/PLib/18110560.pdf