COI News

Important news from EASO and the world of COI

Our approach to COI news

The News section aims to inform users about recent COI publications or upcoming workshops/conferences. EASO selects information provided in the News section according to its relevance to the COI and asylum fields. EASO welcomes suggestions to insert a particular news (event, publication).

01 April 2020

EASO publishes a COI report: Syria – Internally displaced persons, returnees and internal mobility

Today, the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) published a Country of Origin Information (COI) report titled "Syria: Internally displaced persons, returnees_and_internal_mobility".

This report is part of a series of Syria reports produced in 2019-2020. These reports cover actors of protection, internal mobility, key socio-economic indicators, and targeting of individuals. The reports provide information relevant for international protection status determination for Syrian applicants for international protection, and will be used in the development of a country guidance note on Syria.

In January 2020, Syrians lodged almost 8 000 applications, up by 22 % compared to the previous month. This is the highest number since the end of 2017, and the continuation of an upward trend observed as of the second half of 2019. As a result, Syrians accounted for 12 % of all applications lodged in the EU+; two thirds of such applications were lodged in just two EU+ countries. In the same month, some 5 610 first-instance decisions were issued to Syrian nationals in January, only slightly up from December (+ 10 %). The number of pending cases reached a new high: more than 51 800 Syrian applications were awaiting a first-instance decision at the end of January. It must be noted that, at the end of December 2019, the number of Syrian applications awaiting a decision at all instances (thus, including cases in appeal/review) was higher, and stood at 86 435 cases.

The EU+ recognition rate for Syrian applicants continued to decline slightly, and stood at 83 % for decisions issued between August 2019 and January 2020, down by three percentage points from the previous semester.

The report, EASO COI Report: Syria – Internally displaced persons, returnees and internal mobility, analyses the situation of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and returnees in Syria, the underlying factors and general patterns of displacement, and then focuses on the situation of IDPs in various areas of Syria: rebel-held areas, and several areas in the north. The report further provides an overview of legal issues and practical procedures and obstacles for returning, freedom of movement and internal mobility in Syria.

The report was drafted by Country of Origin Information (COI) researchers from the Swedish Migration Agency, Country of Origin Information, Section for Information Analysis, in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology. The report was reviewed by the Danish Immigration Service (DIS). Additionally, ACCORD, the Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation, conducted an external review.

Additional information to complement this report can be found in the following EASO reports:

Cover photo: © DFID - UK Department for International Development

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10 March 2020

EASO publishes a COI report: Syria – Targeting of individuals

Today, the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) published a Country of Origin Information (COI) Report titled Syria: Targeting of individuals. This report is part of a series of Syria reports produced in 2019-2020. These reports cover actors of protection, internal mobility, key socio-economic indicators, and targeting of individuals. The reports provide information relevant for international protection status determination for Syrian asylum seekers and will be used in the development of a country guidance note on Syria.

Syrians continued to be the top citizenship applying for asylum in the EU+ uninterruptedly since 2013, although the number of applications lodged between January and November 2019 (some 65 600) was lower than in the same period in 2018 (about 69 900). Three in every four Syrian applications (almost 75 %) were lodged in four EU+ countries.

Syrian applicants also received more first-instance decisions than any other citizenship group. Since the beginning of 2019, Syrian applicants received some 72 200 decisions. Syria was also the country of origin whose nationals had the most cases pending at first instance in the EU+. At the end of November 2019, there were some 49 000 Syrian applications awaiting a first-instance decision, some 80 % of which were pending in just five EU+ countries.

The report, EASO COI Report: Syria – Targeting of individuals, provides relevant information regarding a range of categories of individuals in Syria targeted by different state and non-state actors, or by the wider society, for the purpose of international protection status determination, and in particular for use in EASO's country guidance development on Syria.

The report was co-drafted by Country of Origin Information (COI) researchers from Germany, the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF), Country Analysis, together with the EASO COI sector in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology, and was reviewed by the Finnish Immigration Service, Legal Service and Country Information Unit. Additionally, ACCORD, the Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation conducted an external review.

Additional information to complement this report can be found in the following EASO reports:

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13 February 2020

EASO publishes a COI report: Syria – Socio-economic situation in Damascus City

Today, the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) published a Country of Origin Information (COI) Report titled Syria: Socio-economic situation in Damascus City. This report is part of a series of Syria reports produced in 2019-2020. These reports cover actors of protection, internal mobility, key socio-economic indicators, and targeting of individuals. The reports provide information relevant for international protection status determination for Syrian asylum seekers and will be used in the development of a country guidance note on Syria.

Syrians continued to be the top citizenship applying for asylum in the EU+ uninterruptedly since 2013, although the number of applications lodged between January and November 2019 (some 65 600) was lower than in the same period in 2018 (about 69 900). Three in every four Syrian applications (almost 75 %) were lodged in four EU+ countries.

Syrian applicants also received more first-instance decisions than any other citizenship group. Since the beginning of 2019, Syrian applicants received some 72 200 decisions. Syria was also the country of origin whose nationals had the most cases pending at first instance in the EU+. At the end of November 2019, there were some 49 000 Syrian applications awaiting a first-instance decision, some 80 % of which were pending in just five EU+ countries.

The report, EASO COI Report: Socio-economic situation in Damascus City, explores key socio-economic indicators for the Governorate of Damascus, such as housing, healthcare, and education, as well as issues such as freedom of movement.

The report was drafted by Country of Origin Information (COI) researchers from EASO, in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology, and was reviewed by the COI Department of the Austrian Federal Office for Immigration and Asylum. Additionally, ACCORD, the Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation conducted an external review.

Additional information to complement this report can be found in the following EASO reports:

07 February 2020

EASO publishes a COI report: Syria – Situation of women

Today, the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) published a Country of Origin Information (COI) Report titled Syria: Situation of women. This report is part of a series of Syria reports produced in 2019-2020. These reports cover actors of protection, internal mobility, key socio-economic indicators, and targeting of individuals. The reports provide information relevant for international protection status determination for Syrian asylum seekers and will be used in the development of a country guidance note on Syria.

Syrians continued to be the top citizenship applying for asylum in the EU+ uninterruptedly since 2013, although the number of applications lodged between January and November 2019 (some 65 600) was lower than in the same period in 2018 (about 69 900). Three in every four Syrian applications (almost 75 %) were lodged in four EU+ countries.

Syrian applicants also received more first-instance decisions than any other citizenship group. Since the beginning of 2019, Syrian applicants received some 72 200 decisions. Syria was also the country of origin whose nationals had the most cases pending at first instance in the EU+. At the end of November 2019, there were some 49 000 Syrian applications awaiting a first-instance decision, some 80 % of which were pending in just five EU+ countries.

The report, EASO COI Report: Syria – Situation of women, analyses the situation of women in Syria, focusing mainly on the general situation of women in the country while also paying special attention to area-specific features in those parts of Syria under the control of non-state armed groups. The report was drafted by the Country of Origin Information (COI) specialists on Syria from Finland (Finnish Immigration Service), as referred to in the acknowledgments section in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology, and was reviewed by COI experts from Belgium and France. Additionally, an external expert review was carried out by ACCORD.

06 February 2020

The Danish Immigration Service (Udlændingestyrelsen): COI - Lebanon - The situation of Palestinian refugees from Syria

The Danish Immigration Service had published the COI report on Lebanon, which focuses on the situation of Palestinian refugees from Syria (PRS). The report contains information on entry into and legal status in Lebanon, access to services, housing and the labour market, as well as protection by the authorities of single women against violence in private conflicts, prevalence of harassment or mistreatment of PRS in the Shia-/Hezbollah-dominated areas in the south and finally the prevalence of refoulement or pressure to return to Syria.

The report is the product of a fact finding mission conducted by the Country of Origin Information Division, Danish Immigration Service (DIS) to Beirut, Lebanon, from 30 June to 7 July 2019.

The report is available on this link: https://coi.easo.europa.eu/administration/denmark/PLib/Landerapport_Lebanon_FFM_rapport_2019.pdf