COI News

Important news from EASO and the world of COI

Our approach to COI news

The News section aims to inform users about recent COI publications or upcoming workshops/conferences. EASO selects information provided in the News section according to its relevance to the COI and asylum fields. EASO welcomes suggestions to insert a particular news (event, publication).

27 September 2018

Landinfo: Thematic report Palestine - UNRWA services

UNRWA is the UN agency that provides education, healthcare, relief, and social services to Palestinian refugees in five areas, including the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
Due to the 300 million USD cut in funding from the United States in 2018, UNRWA has been compelled to reduce the scope of its services. Through emergency appeals and global fundraising efforts, the organization has been able to reduce the budget deficit somewhat, but it is still uncertain whether UNRWA will have the means to run its schools throughout the year. Likewise, UNRWA still lacks funds to uphold the food rations to the refugees in the Gaza Strip for the last quarter of 2018.
UNRWA’s local employees are among those affected by the funding shortfall. More than 250 have already lost their jobs in Palestine, and several hundreds of other employees have been forced into part-time work.
The reduction in staff will affect the qualities of UNRWA’s services and lead to increased poverty. This will have severe consequences for the Gaza Strip where the humanitarian situation is already critical and the unemployment rate is high.

The report can be downloaded at

27 September 2018

Cedoca report: COI Focus Turquie - Situation sécuritaire

L’objectif de ce COI Focus est de faire le point sur les conditions de sécurité en Turquie, en particulier entre le 29 mars 2018 (date de la précédente mise à jour) et le 13 septembre 2018. La recherche documentaire pour cette mise à jour s’est terminée le 11 septembre 2018.
Ce COI Focus débute par un bref aperçu historique du conflit avec le PKK. Le deuxième chapitre est consacré à la situation actuelle et examine les menaces concrètes pour la sécurité depuis la rupture du cessez-le-feu entre les autorités turques et le Parti des travailleurs du Kurdistan (Partiya Kerkeren Kurdistan, PKK) en juillet 2015. Dans les troisième et quatrième chapitres, le Cedoca aborde la nature et les cibles des violences et leur répartition géographique. Enfin, le dernier chapitre se penche sur l’impact concret de ce conflit sur les civils.

The report can be downloaded atécuritaire.pdf

19 September 2018

Lifos report: Syria - citizenship and official documents

The present report outlines, firstly, the overall tendencies within the Syrian context that influence the integrity of the authorities charged with issuing official documents - both negatively (ongoing economic breakdown, enhanced incentives for using bribes, high degree of decentralization) and positively (a continued ambition of providing government services, controlling population movements and maintaining security). Secondly, the Syrian citizenship law and its implementation (including statelessness) are outlined. The subsequent sections describe the different types of official Syrian documents: those related to civil law (such as marriage and death certificates), identity cards, passports/travel documents and various military documents. Each of these sections encapsulates 1) the process to acquire the relevant document, 2) the design of the document, and 3) the impact of the ongoing crisis on the authenticity of the concerned document type.​

The report can be downloaded at

17 August 2018

EASO publishes a Country of Origin Information (COI) report on the situation for Chechens in the Russian Federation

The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) has published a Country of Origin Information (COI) Report entitled ‘The situation for Chechens in Russia’. The report provides an overview of the situation of Chechens living in Russia, outside of the North Caucasus.

The report examines a variety of sources and focuses on different topics such as legal requirements, the criminal justice system, socio-economic circumstances, and the role of the authorities, together with closer examination of the situation for a number of specific groups of people, the report presents an up-to-date account of the current situation for Chechens living in Russia.

The report gives an overview of the main topics relevant for asylum authorities in Europe. A general overview of the Chechen communities in Russia outside of the North Caucasus region is provided, including the size and location of the communities and specific information on the largest communities. Legal requirements relating to procedures for renewing internal passports, obtaining external passports, and registering for residence is included in the report from both a procedural and a practical perspective, in order to highlight potential disparities between legislation and practice.

The housing, education, work, and health care situation for Chechens is also examined. Each topic is intersected with residence registration, how the system works in practice in Russia, and how specifically the access for Chechens is in each area.

A number of  sub-demographic profiles are also presented in the report, namely on women, LGBT persons, children, Chechens eligible for military service, and human rights activists and dissidents. The reception of Chechens returnees is also examined in a separate chapter.

Lastly, the ccriminal justice system is discussed through topics such as identity checks, criminal cases against Chechens, legal remedies, and access to lawyers, among other matters. Included is also a summary of available information regarding Chechen authorities’ potential information exchange with Russian federal authorities, as well as the role of the Chechen community in providing information to the Chechen authorities and the Chechen authorities’ cooperation with the federal authorities.

The report was co-drafted by Country of Origin Information (COI) specialists from the COI units and asylum offices in the Czech Republic, Lithuania, and the Netherlands in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology. The report was reviewed by COI Specialists from Austria, Belgium, Estonia, France, and Poland

The report can be downloaded at 

30 May 2018

EASO publishes a Country of Origin Information (COI) report on the Security Situation in Afghanistan

The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) published a Country of Origin Information (COI) Report entitled ‘Afghanistan Security situation - Update’. The report is an update of the EASO COI Report Afghanistan Security Situation, published in December 2017. It provides an update of some of the information found to be time-sensitive, while still referring to the December 2017 report for more long-term, contextual information.

In 2017, Afghanistan ranked third in the top countries of origin of applications received by EU+ countries with more than 47 000 asylum applications. In the first four months of 2018, more than 12 000 applications have been lodged in the EU+ by Afghans, thus remaining in third position in the overall applications to date. In addition, Afghan applications constitute an important backlog in EU+ countries. At the end of April 2018, more than 32,000 applications from Afghan nationals were awaiting a first instance decision in the EU+.

The ‘Afghanistan Security situation - Update’ provides a description of the security situation in general in Afghanistan, as well as the situation in each of the 34 provinces and Kabul City. In these provincial chapters, a subchapter is dedicated to the actors in the conflict in this province. A second subchapter describes the recent security trends and the impact on the civilian population.

The terms of reference of this report were defined based on information needs identified by asylum policy experts in EU+ countries and UNHCR. The report presents information until 31 March 2018.
The report is drafted in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology. It was based on information provided by the Country of Origin Information (COI) department from the Austrian Federal Office for Immigration and Asylum, completed with information added by the EASO COI sector. The report was reviewed and commented upon by COI researchers from Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, Slovakia and Sweden.

It is EASO’s intention to continue to produce such reports on important countries of origin and to update them regularly in order to raise and harmonise COI standards in the EU and to further support the practical implementation of the Common European Asylum System.

The report can be downloaded at: