COI News

Important news from EASO and the world of COI

Our approach to COI news

The News section aims to inform users about recent COI publications or upcoming workshops/conferences. EASO selects information provided in the News section according to its relevance to the COI and asylum fields. EASO welcomes suggestions to insert a particular news (event, publication).

12 July 2021

Erratum - EASO COI report: Nigeria – security situation, version 1.1

After publication of the EASO COI report: Nigeria – security situation report (June 2021) it appeared that a 2020 source used for the report is in fact based on a 2014 source and therefore cannot be considered up-to-date information as required in EASO’s COI report methodology. The source is cited as follows: ‘All states are affected, however some ‘stand out for the sheer regularity, intensity and carnage of the incidents in their areas. These states include, in the North-Central/Middle Belt Region, Benue, Plateau, Nasarawa and Niger.1 The source similarly refers to a number of southern states, and this information was cited in chapters on Delta, Rivers, and Cross River states. As a consequence, the information was removed, from  Section Herder-farmer conflict (p. 46), the North Central Region (p. 146), as well as from the above mentioned state chapters. 

In addition, the following content-related corrections were made because of incorrect citation: 

  • in Gombe State, section, the words ‘national and state security forces’ were removed. 

  • in Ebonyi state, section, in the sentence ‘In 2020, 23 civilian fatalities were recorded during cult clashes’, the word ‘civilian‘ was removed. 

  • In Ondo state, section, in the sentence ‘Since November 2016, […] there has been no major incident by NDA or any other group in the Niger Delta’, the wording ‘or any other group in the Niger Delta’ was removed. 


The corrected report, version 1.1., including the above erratum, can be downloaded from the EASO COI Portal. 

08 July 2021

COI reports recently published on the Swedish Migration Agency’s Lifos database

In the first half of 2021, the Swedish Migration Agency (Migrationsverket) had published in Swedish the following Country of Origin Information reports on: Eritrea (June 2021), Palestine - Gaza (June 2021), Syria (June 2021), Somalia (May 2021), Afghanistan (May 2021) and Libya (March 2021)

The reports can be found on the following links:

Country information: Eritrea – People's Army (version 2.0)

Country information: Palestine - Gaza: Security situation, humanitarian situation and border crossing in Rafah (version 1.1)

Country information: Syrian military service (version 1.0)

Country information: Somalia - security situation 2020 (version 1.2)

Country information: Hazaras in Afghanistan (version 2.0)

Country information: Libya - The security situation and its impact on the civilian population (version 2.0) 

02 July 2021

EASO publishes a COI report: Somalia – Actors

Today, the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) published a Country of Origin Information (COI) report titled - Somalia: Actors (2021)

After peaking in 2015, with 21 600 applications for international protection, Somali requests for international protection have fluctuated in recent years.  So far in 2021 (January-April), Somalis have lodged over 4 300 IP applications in the EU+, which makes Somalia the seventh top country of origin for applicants in the EU+. By comparison, in 2020 Somalia was the 10th top country of origin. So far in 2021, the EU+ recognition rate for EU-regulated types of protection (at first instance) for Somalis was 59 %, which is in line with that of the previous year. At the end of April 2021, some 10 500 Somali applications were pending at first instance.

This report is part of a series of four EASO COI reports on Somalia that are going to be produced in 2021. The report provides information relevant for international protection status determination for Somali applicants, and in particular for use in EASO's country guidance development on Somalia. The report is meant to provide the background information and mapping of relevant actors/dynamics in Somalia, upon which subsequent reports (notably the Somalia Security Situation, the report on Targeted Profiles and the report on the Key Socio-Economic Indicators) will build.

The report, EASO COI Report: Somalia – Actors is divided into seven macro-chapters. Chapter 1 provides a general overview of the various conflict dynamics in the country (Country Background). Chapters 2 to 6 describe the main country-wide actors in Somalia and in the Somali conflict, namely: the Federal Government of Somalia, al-Shabaab, the clans and militias, AMISOM and AFRICOM, and ISIS-Somalia. For each one of these, the report details strengths, characteristics, justice provision and relative human rights conduct/abuses by various actors. Chapter 7 provides an overview of the the Federal Member State (Jubbaland, South West State, Hirshabelle, Benadir/Mogadishu, Galmudug, Puntland), as well as Somaliland. Each regional sub-chapter includes a brief description of relevant dynamics, territorial control, governance, local armed forces, access to justice, as well as security forces' human rights conduct.

The report was drafted internally by EASO, with one chapter drafted by France (DIDR COI unit of the French Office for the Protection of Refugees and Stateless People). The report was written in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology. It was peer-reviewed internally, and externally by the Austrian Federal Office for Immigration and Asylum, Country of Origin Information Department (B/III), Africa Desk, as well as by the Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD).

The report can be downloaded from the EASO COI Portal.

25 June 2021

EASO publishes a COI report: Afghanistan - Security situation

​Today, the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) published a Country of Origin Information (COI) report titled "Afghanistan: Security Situation."

The newly released report provides information on the security situation in Afghanistan, which is relevant for the assessment of international protection status determination, including refugee status and subsidiary protection.

The security situation in Afghanistan remains volatile. After the reduction in violence preceding the signing of the Doha agreement between the US and the Taliban on 29 February 2020, the Taliban resumed targeting government checkpoints and convoys. In terms of territorial control, the situation changes rapidly with the Taliban advancing in a growing number of Afghanistan's provincial districts. At the same time, civilians are continuously threatened by indiscriminate violence and targeted attacks.

Afghanistan: Security Situation Report provides information about relevant security trends in the period between 1 January 2020 and 31 May 2021.The first part of the report provides a general overview of the security situation in the country, including conflict background and actors involved and main security incidents and their impact on the civilian population. The second part holds a geographic subdivision, focusing in greater detail on the security situation in all 34 provinces and Kabul city, and provides a description of the armed actors, recent security incidents as well as data on civilian casualties and conflict-induced displacements.

The report was co-drafted by СOI experts from Belgium, Office of the Commissioner General for Refugees and Stateless Persons, Cedoca (Centre for Documentation and Research); France, Office for the Protection of Refugees and Stateless persons (OFPRA), Information, Documentation and Research Division (DIDR); Poland, Department of Refugee and Asylum Proceedings, and researchers from EASO COI Sector, in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology. The report was reviewed by experts from Denmark, Danish Immigration Service (DIS); Hungary, National Directorate-General of Origin Information Centre; Norway, Landinfo, the Norwegian Country of Origin Information Centre; Slovakia, Migration Office, Department of Documentation and Foreign Cooperation, and ACCORD, the Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation.

In 2020, Afghanistan continued to remain the second most important country of origin in EU+. During the year, Afghans lodged 48 578 applications in the EU+ countries, which represented a decrease of 16 % compared to 2019 but constituted a higher number of applications compared to 2018. The recognition rate for Afghans was 53 % in 2020, an increase of 5 % from 2019. At the end of April 2021, around 41 100 Afghans were awaiting a first instance decision, accounting for 11 % of all pending cases in EU+. However, the backlog of Afghan cases pending longer than six months increased after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and remained above pre-pandemic levels.[1] While in 2020 Greece, Germany, and France were the main receiving countries for applications lodged by Afghan nationals, the top three countries in the period between January and March 2021 were Germany, France, and Romania.[2]



[1] This overview is based on EASO Early warning and Preparedness System (EPS) data.

[2] Eurostat, Asylum and first-time asylum applicants by citizenship, age and sex – annual aggregated data (rounded) as of 24 June 2021.

23 June 2021

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands translates recently published COI reports on Ethiopia, Nigeria, Russian Federation and Turkey

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands had published translations from Dutch to English of their recent Country of Origin Information reports on: Ethiopia (February 2021), Nigeria (March 2021), Turkey (March 2021) and the Russian Federation (April 2021).

The reports can be found at the following links:

Country of origin information report – Ethiopia (covering the reporting period from July 2018 up to and including January 2021)
Country of origin information report – Nigeria (covering the reporting period from June 2018 to March 2021)
Country of origin information report – Russian Federation (covering the reporting period from December 2018 up to and including March 2021)
Country of origin information report – Turkey (covering the reporting period from October 2019 through 18 February 2021)