Today, the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) published a Country of
Origin Information (COI) Report titled Syria: Actors. This report is part of a
series of Syria reports produced in 2019-2020. These reports cover actors of
protection, internal mobility, key socio-economic indicators, and targeting of
individuals. The reports provide information relevant for international
protection status determination for Syrian asylum seekers and will be used in
the development of a country guidance note on Syria.
Syrians continued to be the top
citizenship applying for asylum in the EU+ uninterruptedly since 2013, although
the number of applications lodged between January and September 2019 (some 51
200) was lower than in the same period in 2018 (about 57 000). Three in
every four Syrian applications (almost 75 %) were lodged in four EU+ countries.
Syrian applicants also received
more first-instance decisions than any other citizenship group. Since the
beginning of 2019, Syrian applicants received some 58 300 decisions. Syria was
also the country of origin whose nationals had the most cases pending at first
instance in the EU+. At the end of September 2019, there were some 44 600
Syrian applications awaiting a first-instance decision, some 80 % of which
were pending in just five EU+ countries.
The report, EASO COI Report: Syria – Actors, aims to provide relevant information
regarding the main actors in Syria for the assessment of international
protection status determination, including refugee status and subsidiary
protection, and in particular to inform the EASO country guidance development
The report was drafted by the EASO
COI sector with research contributions from the COI unit of the Romanian
General Inspectorate for Immigration, Ministry of Internal Affairs, as referred
to in the acknowledgments section in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology, and was reviewed by COI
experts from Austria. Additionally, external expert reviews were carried out by
ACCORD, and by Aron Lund, fellow at the Century Foundation and guest researcher
at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.
Additional information to complement this report can be found in the
following EASO report: