COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: LIBYA; TOPIC: SECURITY SITUATION; DURATION: 56:31
The European asylum Support Office (EASO) has published a COI podcast on the security situation in Libya.
In this podcast, EASO interviews Mr. Emadeddin Badi[i] to address questions related to the security situation in Libya. The COI needs addressed in the interview were identified in consultation with COI experts in EU Member States who responded to a request of input sent by EASO. Moreover, the information provided in the podcast must be read in conjunction with the EASO Query Response on the security situation in Libya[ii] published on 7 December 2020, which constitutes the research basis for the podcast and in which more detailed information can be found.
The podcast was recorded on 1 February 2021, and during the quality control phase, significant developments in Libya took place. On 5 February 2021, the UN-led Libyan Political Dialogue Forum (LPDF) elected Mohamed al-Mnefi as head of the Presidential Council and Abdelhamid Dabeiba as Prime Minister.[iii] The Tobruk-based House of Representatives is yet to grant confidence to the new Government of National Unity.[iv]
We hope you will find the podcast useful and we would be happy to receive your feedback.
Disclaimer: This product is developed to enhance knowledge and understanding of the topic, for asylum practitioners. It is not intended for direct use as evidence in decisions on international protection or related cases. While as the underlying research on the general information on the topic as presented by the interviewer follows COI principles and standards, the interviewee has to be considered as a single expert source and it is strongly recommended to weigh his information against other information available on the topics addressed. Moreover, the views expressed in the podcast do not necessarily reflect those of the European Asylum Support Office (EASO).
The podcast on Libya's security situation can be streamed via following web browsers: Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge and Mozilla Firefox:
LIST OF ARABIC NAMES OF PERSONS, PLACES OR GROUPS USED IN THE PODCAST:
Geographical places: Al-Bayda – Sirte – Jufra – Tarhuna (also Terhuna) – Benghazi – Derna – Fezzan – Sebha – Sabratha (also Subratha) – Surman – Al-Zawiyya - Brak Al-Shati – Mizdah – Nesmah (also Nasmah) – Ash-Shwayrif (also Shwiref) - Al-Andalus Neighbourhood (in Tripoli) – Ghiryan (Also Gharyan) - Al-Skheirat (also Skhirat – a town in Morocco where the Libyan Political Agreement was signed)
Persons: Khalifa Haftar – Fayez Al-Sarraj - Emad Al-Traboulsi (Head of General Security Forces in Tripoli) - Abdul Raouf Kara (Head of Special Deterrence Forces in Tripoli) - Fathi Bashagha (Interior Minister in GNA) - Abdel Ghani (Ghnewa) Al-Kikli (Head of Abu Salim Central Security Forces) - Terhuni (Also Tarhuni: a person from Terhuna)
Groups/operations: Quwwat Al-Radaa Al-Khassa (Special Deterrence Forces) - Al-Bunyan Al-Marsus (Operation Impenetrable Wall) - Al-Muquatila (Libyan Islamic Fighting Group) - Madkhali Salafi group - Saiqa Special Forces (LNA-aligned group) - Tarik Ben Ziyad Brigade (Madkhali-dominated unit affiliated with the LNA) - Wahadat Mukafahat Al-Jarima (Counter Crime Units) - Subul Al-Salam (Madkhali security unit in Kufra) - Aadiyat (Madkhali security unit in Zintan) - Quwat Musanida (Support forces) - Kaniyat (LNA-aligned militia that used to control Tarhuna) -
Airports: Benina Airport (Benghazi) – Al-Abraq (also Labraq) Airport (situated to the east of Al-Bayda) - Mitiga Airport (Tripoli) - Misrata International Airport (Misrata)
[i] Emadeddin Badi is currently an advisor for the Geneva Centre for Security Sector Governance (DCAF) on Libya and a Senior Analyst for the Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime.
[ii] The exact title of the query is: Security Situation between 1 January 2019 and 30 September 2020 in Al-Butnan, Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, Al-Jabal Al-Gharbi, Al-Wahat, Al-Jifara, Al-Margeb, Al-Marj, Al-Nuqat Al-Khams, Azzawiya, Benghazi, Derna, Misrata, Nalut, Sirt, and Tripoli
[iii] Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Agree to Disagree: Libya's New Unity Government, 8 February 2021, url; Brookings, Around the halls: Experts analyze the Libya conflict, 10 years on, 17 February 2021, url
[iv] Chatham House, Can Libya's New Interim Government Break the Impasse?, 16 February 2021, url