COI News

Important news from EASO and the world of COI

Our approach to COI news

The News section aims to inform users about recent COI publications or upcoming workshops/conferences. EASO selects information provided in the News section according to its relevance to the COI and asylum fields. EASO welcomes suggestions to insert a particular news (event, publication).

17 October 2018

EASO: Pakistan security situation

The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) published a Country of Origin Information (COI) Report entitled ‘Pakistan security situation’. The report is the third update of the security chapter of the EASO COI report on Pakistan, Country Overview, published in August 2015, subsequently updated in July 2016 and August 2017. The report provides information relevant for the protection status determination of Pakistani asylum seekers.

In 2017, Pakistan ranked in the top 5 of countries of origin in the EU+ countries, with a total number of about 32,000 applicants. By the end of 2017, more than 47,000 cases remained pending at all instances. Throughout 2018, the country maintained this ranking in the top countries of origin and the total number of Pakistani applicants has remained stable.

The EASO COI Report ‘Pakistan security situation’ provides a general description of the security situation in Pakistan, covering the following topics: an overview of the recent conflicts in the country; actors in the conflict; an overview of recent security trends and armed confrontations; the impact of the violence on the civilian population; and the impact of the violence on the state ability to secure law and order.

The second part of the report provides an overview of the security situation in a more detailed description of the different regions in Pakistan. In each regional chapter, a short description is given of the region, the background of the violence as well as the actors present in the region, followed by a description of the security trends, and the impact of the violence on the population.

The main findings of the report include an overall decrease in total numbers of violent incidents and casualties throughout 2017 and 2018. However, security operations and armed clashes were still reported in all four provinces of Pakistan and in the FATA in the context of operation Radd-Ul-Fasaad. Militant groups also continued to conduct attacks in 2017 and 2018, including suicide attacks, targeted killings, and sectarian-related violence. In the run-up to the general elections held in July 2018, several violent incidents and some major attacks occurred throughout the country.

The report was drafted by the Belgian Office of the Commissioner General for Refugees and Stateless Persons (Cedoca, Centre for Documentation and Research) in accordance with the EASO COI Report Methodology. It was reviewed by experts from the Office for Country Information and Language Analysis in the Dutch Immigration and Naturalization Service, the Immigration and Asylum Office Documentation Centre in the Hungarian Office of Immigration and Nationality, the Department of Documentation and Foreign Cooperation in the Slovakian Migration Office, Lifos, the Centre for Country of Origin Information and Analysis in the Swedish Migration and EASO, in order to ensure the highest quality.

It is EASO’s intention to continue to produce such reports on important countries of origin and to update them on a regular basis in order to raise and harmonise COI standards in the EU and to further support the practical implementation of the Common European Asylum System.

The report can be downloaded at  https://coi.easo.europa.eu/administration/easo/PLib/Pakistan_Security_situation_2018.pdf

11 October 2018

Tellus: Travel routes and security in Afghanistan

Three recent Tellus reports address the security situation in specific districts in Uruzgan and Ghazni Provinces in Afghanistan and the travel routes to these districts. The reports are in Finnish. 
The reports can be downloaded at:
https://coi.easo.europa.eu/administration/finland/PLib/Tutkimus_39772_vastattu.rtf

https://coi.easo.europa.eu/administration/finland/PLib/Tutkimus_39719_vastattu.rtf

https://coi.easo.europa.eu/administration/finland/PLib/Tutkimus_39721_vastattu.rtf

27 September 2018

Landinfo: Thematic report Palestine - UNRWA services

UNRWA is the UN agency that provides education, healthcare, relief, and social services to Palestinian refugees in five areas, including the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
Due to the 300 million USD cut in funding from the United States in 2018, UNRWA has been compelled to reduce the scope of its services. Through emergency appeals and global fundraising efforts, the organization has been able to reduce the budget deficit somewhat, but it is still uncertain whether UNRWA will have the means to run its schools throughout the year. Likewise, UNRWA still lacks funds to uphold the food rations to the refugees in the Gaza Strip for the last quarter of 2018.
UNRWA’s local employees are among those affected by the funding shortfall. More than 250 have already lost their jobs in Palestine, and several hundreds of other employees have been forced into part-time work.
The reduction in staff will affect the qualities of UNRWA’s services and lead to increased poverty. This will have severe consequences for the Gaza Strip where the humanitarian situation is already critical and the unemployment rate is high.

The report can be downloaded at 

https://coi.easo.europa.eu/administration/norway/PLib/Report_Palestine_UNRWA_services_24092018.pdf

27 September 2018

Cedoca report: COI Focus Turquie - Situation sécuritaire

L’objectif de ce COI Focus est de faire le point sur les conditions de sécurité en Turquie, en particulier entre le 29 mars 2018 (date de la précédente mise à jour) et le 13 septembre 2018. La recherche documentaire pour cette mise à jour s’est terminée le 11 septembre 2018.
Ce COI Focus débute par un bref aperçu historique du conflit avec le PKK. Le deuxième chapitre est consacré à la situation actuelle et examine les menaces concrètes pour la sécurité depuis la rupture du cessez-le-feu entre les autorités turques et le Parti des travailleurs du Kurdistan (Partiya Kerkeren Kurdistan, PKK) en juillet 2015. Dans les troisième et quatrième chapitres, le Cedoca aborde la nature et les cibles des violences et leur répartition géographique. Enfin, le dernier chapitre se penche sur l’impact concret de ce conflit sur les civils.

The report can be downloaded at
https://coi.easo.europa.eu/administration/belgium/PLib/COI_Focus_Turquie_Situation_sécuritaire.pdf